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Referência Bibliográfica

BÉGUIN, A., PIMENTEL, A., DE GROOT, L.V. (2021) - Full‐vector paleosecular variation curve for the Azores: enabling reliable paleomagnetic dating for the past 2 kyr. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 126, e2020JB019745,


​For archaeomagnetic dating high quality directional and intensity paleosecular variation curves are needed. The Azores Archipelago in the Mid‐Atlantic Ocean provides a wealth of volcanic products erupted during the Holocene, making it an ideal location to (1) gather paleomagnetic data from well dated lava flows, and (2) construct a paleosecular variation (PSV) curve that enables paleomagnetic dating of volcanic products with unknown age. Here we present new full vector paleomagnetic data from Pico Island, and combine the new data with existing data from neighboring islands to construct a new full‐vector PSV curve for the Azores Archipelago. An extensive rock magnetic study underpins the quality of our paleomagnetic carriers. From Pico Island, we obtained 21 new mean site directions; and 15 paleointensity estimates with the multimethod paleointensity approach from 12 sites, the age was known for 14 and 10 sites, respectively. By bootstrapping the non‐Gaussian uncertainty estimates of the radiocarbon age calibrations and the confidence intervals associated with the direction and paleointensity estimates we produce the first full‐vector PSV curve with confidence intervals for the Azores covering the past 2 kyr. The PSV curve reveals a period of low inclination between ∼900 – 1560 AD, with minimum values of 32°. The potential of our new full‐vector PSV curve is demonstrated by successfully dating five lava flows from Pico Island.​