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Instituto de Investigação
em Vulcanologia e Avaliação de Riscos
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Referência Bibliográfica

FERREIRA, T., GOMES, A.GASPAR, J.L., GUEST, J.E. (2015) - Distribution and significance of basaltic eruptive centres: São Miguel, Azores. In: Gaspar, J.L., Guest, J.E., Duncan, A.M., Barriga, F.J.A.S., Chester, D.K. (eds.) Volcanic Geology of São Miguel Island (Azores Archipelago), Geological Society of London Memoir, 44: 135-146, doi: 10.1144/M44.10.​


​Basaltic volcanism occurs at all the active volcanic systems of São Miguel. For the last 30 ka, the eruption of basaltic magma has been particularly significant in the areas between the three polygenetic volcanoes – Sete Cidades, Fogo and Furnas – and two basaltic fields have developed: the Picos Fissural Volcanic System (PFVS) and the Congro Fissural Volcanic System (CFVS). About 5 ka ago volcanic activity at CFVS ended abruptly and since then almost all basaltic activity has been concentrated at the PFVS, where about 30 eruptions have taken place. Despite the absence of eruptive activity, the Congro system represents one of the most active seismic areas in the archipelago. It shows episodes of volcanic deformation that are indicative of magma ascent, which halted beneath the volcanic system. Two historical eruptions are associated with the PFVS. The 1563 eruption at Pico do Sapateiro was of basaltic composition, whereas that of the 1652 eruption was, for almost two centuries, also considered to be basaltic. This event had, however, a Vulcanian style and involved the production of large amounts of fine ash and the growth of three trachyte domes with associated coule´es. It was accurately described in contemporary historical accounts.